Masjid Al Nabawi: The Prophet’s Mosque
History of Masjid Nabawi:
The mosque is also known as the Prophet’s Mosque, is located in the city of medina and the second most significant mosques in Islam after Masjid al-Haram. Masjid Nabawi holds great historical, religious, and architectural significance for Muslims around the world.
Masjid Nabawi was established by Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) in 622 CE after his migration from Mecca to Medina, an event known as the Hijrat. Several changes were made over time in the mosque to accommodate the growing Muslim community. The mosque was built on a piece of land that the Prophet purchased from two orphan brothers. The original structure of masjid nabawi was modest, made of mud bricks, and had a simple thatched roof supported by palm tree trunks.
The Architecture of masjid is a blend of traditional Islamic and contemporary elements. The current structure of Masjid Nabawi is a remarkable example of Islamic architecture, showcasing intricate geometric patterns, calligraphy, and tile work. The interior of the mosque features ornamentation, calligraphy and woodwork. Some of its most notable architectural features include:
The Green Dome
Arguably the most famous feature of Masjid Nabawi, the Green Dome covers the sacred chamber where Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), along with the first two caliphs, Abu Bakr and Umar, are buried. The dome was first constructed in 1279 by the Mamluk Sultan Al-Mansur Qalawun and was initially painted green in 1837. It is beautifully decorated with patterns and calligraphy in gold. It has since become an iconic symbol of the mosque.
Masjid has ten minarets, the tallest of which stands at 105 meters. The minarets were built at various times throughout history, with the most recent one added during the 1994 expansion by the Saudi government. The minarets are a symbol of Mosque’s prominence and are a visual representation of Islamic art and spitrituality.
Also known as the Sacred Chamber, this part of the mosque is believed to be a piece of paradise on earth. It is located between prophet’s tomb and the pulpit. Muslims visit this place to offer prayers, seek blessing, and pay their respect. Visitors to the Rawdah often engage in quiet reflection and recitation of the Quran.It is recommended to offer supplications and seek blessings in the Rawdah, as it is considered a sacred space.
The mosque has several mihrab, or prayer niches, which indicate the direction of Mecca (Qibla).The mihrab is oriented towards the Kaaba in Mecca, the holiest site in Islam.The mihrab’s design reflects the rich Islamic architectural style and symbolizes the focal point of worship. The most important one, known as the Prophet’s Mihrab, is located in the Rawdah area and is adorned with marble and gold.
The pulpit from which the Friday sermon (Khutbah) is delivered is made of teakwood and consists of 12 steps. It holds historical and symbolic importance as the place where prophet delivered his sermons. It was a gift from the Ottoman Sultan Murad III in 1590.
The Masjid continues to be a central place of worship and pilgrimage for Muslims around the world. It remains a symbol of unity, as it attracts millions of pilgrims from diverse backgrounds during the annual Hajj and Umrah pilgrimages.
In addition to its religious significance, the mosque serves as a hub for Islamic education and scholarship. The mosque houses a vast library containing thousands of books and manuscripts on various Islamic subjects, providing invaluable resources for students and researchers. The Prophet’s Mosque stands as a testament to the rich history and heritage of Islam, and its significance in the lives of Muslims today remains as strong as ever.
What is the architectural significance of Masjid Nabawi?
It has much significance from architectural point of view. This mosque is considered one of the best examples of Islamic and contemporary Architecture.
What are the details of the mosque?
All specifications of the Mosque are explained in separate headings in detail. You may refer specifically to the heading “Significance Today” that is the last heading of the article.